Freuds theory of sexuality three essay
Advanced search. Submit an article Journal homepage. Original Article. Pages Accepted 12 Oct Article Metrics Views. Article metrics information Disclaimer for citing articles. Login options Log in. Username Password Forgot password? Freud discusses how this is different for boys and girls.
Both have the same erontogenic zones just different primary ones. The primary for females is the clitoris and the primary for males is the penis. When Freud talks about refinding an object I feel like he is talking about how in childhood you have object such as a mother. She is the sexual object because she provides you nourishment and pleasure.
Later you find a new, appropriate object that will satisfy your needs. Although Freud's theories have clearly been re-worked in our modern understanding of sexuality, I thought that this reading was still very insightful. What is remarkable about Freud in these essays is that what people typically saw as "abnormal" or "perverse" sexual expression, such as homosexuality, is not seen as so "abnormal" to Freud.
Instead, he argues that such perversions are rooted in normal infant sexuality, as he begins to discuss at the very start of his essay. The "abnormal" is connected to the "normal. It was popular belief back then and even to some people now that sexuality did not occur in children until they hit puberty, and that this was rooted in their coming-of-age and being able to reproduce.
By refuting this claim, and describing the sexuality of infants independent of pure reproduction, Freud asserts that there are not, in fact, "natural" or normal sexual objects of desire. This has interesting implications, however, because it suggests that our sexuality develops and extends over our entire life times.
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It can even affect our adult mental health! Sexuality, therefore, has more fluidity than was perviously thought because it connects with human experience over time, starting in infancy, and does not have a clear, natural connection to reproduction. One of the first things I highlighted while reading "A Case of the Homosexuality in a Woman," was the following passage: "By a healthy child they mean one who never causes his parents trouble, and gives them nothing but pleasure.
The physician may succeed in curing the child, but after that it goes its own way all the more decidedly, and the parents are now far more dissatisfied than before" While reading this, I reflected on just how relatable this quote is to almost all topics regarding adolescence and the struggle between increasingly independent children and their parents, even today.
As Freud continues in this case study of homosexuality, he repeatedly refers to the female Oedipus Complex which he writes about in "The Interpretation of Dreams" his patient possesses. However, the affects of this Oedipus Complex are reversed when her mother her "rival" has another son, and the daughter is essentially "betrayed" by her father. The consequences of this are taken to the extreme when the patient turns "away from men altogether" and "foresw[ears] her womanhood" Freud continues to describe the girl's affection for her older female friend as similar to the qualities of a young boy who admires an unattainable actress.
All these points combine in painting a picture of homosexuality that I think is comparable to how homosexuality and its so-called "triggers" today.
Three Essays On The Theory Of Sexuality
These moments in the case study also reminded me of a moment in Freud's first essay in which he expresses that many people think homosexuality is a result of a past event related to the opposite sex. Finally, another item I was intrigued by was when Freud mentions when he "recognized the girl's attachment to the father" and broke off treatment, suggesting that the family tries a female physician. Freud writes: "Bitterness against men is as a rule easy to gratify upon the physician; it need not evoke any violent emotional manifestations, it simply expresses itself by rendering futile all his endeavors and by clinging to the illness" Although I can somewhat understand this logic after finishing the reading, I was initially shocked by this passage; it exemplifies just how deep the mind can reach to protect it's own logic.
This moment supports the notion of how sexuality can affect mental health, from adolescence to adult life. His response was quite puzzling because at first it seemed rather contradictory. It is unclear whether or not Freud is aware that biologically, both sexes release a small amount of the opposite sex hormone although considering the time period in which Freud lived I find it to be highly unlikely.
In any case, it is extremely important that he makes this conclusion so early on. Just a quick reply to one part of your comment to which a factual answer is useful: the sexual hormones as such hadn't been discovered when Freud wrote this text. He had, however, hypothesized that there were biochemical factors influencing sexual development. For more on this, look back at the section of Three Essays on the "chemical theory," especially the helpful editorial footnote on page Looking at these two ideas, I feel as though they are just very narrow minded and ignorant ways of looking at the homosexuality.
It almost seems as though an individual living in that is uneducated around the subject of the LGBTQ population could make these two statements. Within the first essay, I also thoroughly enjoyed the section that stated: The significance of the factor of sexual overvaluation can be best studied in men, for their erotic life alone has become accessible to research. Personally, I believe that any sense of inherit secretiveness women had and have today, is based upon their experiences within our overtly patriarchal society. In addition, I enjoyed this passage because of the dramatic wording Freud uses.
To me, this statement seemed overly dramatic and far-fetched. This touches on a couple of aspects of Three Essays that we'll definitely return to. Kardiner, A. A methodological study of Freudian theory. International Journal of Psychiatry 2: — , Kernberg, O. Sadomasochism, sexual excitement, and perversion. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association — New perspectives on drive theory.
Freud's Theories About Sex As Relevant as Ever | Psychiatric News
In Aggression in Personality Disorders and Perversions. Klein, G. Freud's two theories of sexuality. Klein, ed. Psychological Issues Monograph New York : International Universities Press , pp.
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Krafft-Ebing, R. Psychopathia Sexualis. New York : Putnam , Lichtenstein, H. TheDilemma of Human Identity. New York : Aronson. Lorman, J.
Paradoxes of Gender. New Haven : Yale University Press. Marcus, S. Freud's Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. Partisan Review — Google Scholar Medline. Marcuse, H.
The 1905 Edition
Eros and Civilization. Boston : Beacon Press.
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Michels, R. Psychoanalysts' theories. Fonagy, A. New York : Routledge , pp.